Search us

Bookmark us

FacebookMySpaceTwitterDiggDeliciousStumbleuponGoogle BookmarksRedditNewsvineTechnoratiLinkedinMixxRSS Feed
Print Friendly and PDF

Madina Book 1: Chapter 11

 Number-11

Chapter 10:  It is a Summary of all the earlier  concepts introduced previously with particular emphasis on attached pronouns.


Print Friendly and PDF

Part 1

Resources

Download Book 1

Download Book 1 Key

Download Book 1 Solutions

Download Book 1 Handouts

Download Book 1 Vocabulary

Download Past Tense

Download Present Tense

Type Arabic onscreen with an oline Keyboard

Simple Detached Pronouns (Revision):

Now look at the pronouns below and read on your fingers 7 times. Ignore the attached pronouns for the time being. We have drawn a picture for you to understand this memorisation technique even further.

Arabic Practice 1

Detached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

He

Huwa

هُو

Them (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

She

Hiya

هِيَ

Them (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

You (Male)

Anta

أنتَ

You (2, Male)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+ Male)

Antum

أنتُم

Second

Person

Feminine

You (Female)

Anti

أنتِ

You (2, Female)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+, Female)

Antunna

أنتُنَّ

First

Person

I

Anna

أنَا

We

Nahnu

نَحنُ

Simple Attached Pronouns:

Use the pores of your fingers to learn this table just like you have memorised the previous tables.

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His

Hu

هُ

Theirs (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her

Ha

هَا

Theirs (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male)

Kaa

كَ

Your (2, Male)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+ Male)

Kum

كُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female)

Ki

كِ

Your (2, Female)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+, Female)

Kunna

كُنَّ

First

Person

Mine

Ie

يْ

Ours

Naa

نَا

The last vowel of the pronoun is stripped of its Tanween, replaced with a single vowel and the pronoun is attached directly to it, for example:

 Your pen (1,M)    قَلَمٌ  +  كَ   =  قَلَمُكَ

Their book (3+,F)    كِتَابٌ  +  هُنَّ   =  كِتَابُهُنَّ

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His Book

Kitabuhu

كِتَابُهُ

Theirs (2 He) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ He) Book

KitabuHum

كِتَابُهُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her Book

KitabuHa

كِتَابُهَا

Theirs (2 She) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ She) Book

KitabuHunna

كِتَابُهُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male) Book

KitabuKaa

كِتَابُكَ

Your (2, Male) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+ Male) Book

KitabuKum

كِتَابُكُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female) Book

KitabuKi

كِتَابُكِ

Your (2, Female) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+, Female) Book

KitabuKunna

كِتَابُكُنَّ

First

Person

My Book

Kitabuie

كِتَابِيْ

Our Book

KitabuNaa

كِتَابُنَا

In case of "My book" the vowel on the last letter is Kasrah instead of Damma and this will always happen in the case of "My ..."

Five (Special Nouns):

You have been practising attaching pronouns to various noun and the pattern is the same except for five (5) special nouns which have a different pattern.

Father

Abun

أَبٌ

Brother

Akhun

أَخٌ

Mouth

Famun

فَمٌ

Father-in-law

Hamun

حَمٌ

Possessor of (always comes as Mudaf)

Dhu

ذُو

 

1 A و is inserted and then the pronoun is attached e.g. أَخُوكَ

 

2 In case of saying "My ..." the و is ommitted and it follows the same pattern as a regular noun e.g. أَخِي

 

Exercise:

1 Choose 5 nouns of your choice and attach pronouns to them. First recite them on your fingers and then write them down in your exercise book.

2Choose 5 special nouns from the table above and attach pronouns to them. First recite them on your fingers and then write them down in your exercise book.


Part 2:

Lesson:

Analyse and then translate. Before proceeding remember the following:

 

1 Jaar/Majroor can never be Mubtada

 

2 When a Noun joins a Pronoun its a Mudaf/Mudaf-Ileh combination

 

3 This Lesson uses a Present tense أُحِّبُ which means "I love". The full details and the conjugation table will be covered in Book 2

 

هَـٰذَا بَيْتِي
بَيْتِي أَمَامَ الْمَسْجِدِ
بَيْتِي جَمِيلٌ
فِيهِ حَدِيقَةٌ صَغِيرَةٌ
هَـٰذِهِ غُرْفَتِي
فِيهَا نَافِذَةٌ كَبِيرَةٌ وَمِرْوَحَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ
هَـٰذَا سَرِيرِي وَهَـٰذَا كُرْسِيِّي وَهَـٰذَا مَكْتَبِي
سَاعَتِي وَقَلَمِي وَكِتَابِي عَلَى الْمَكْتَبِ
وَحَقِيبَتِي تَحْتَ الْمَكْتَبِ
هَـٰذِهِ غُرْفَةُ أَخِي وَتِلْكَ غُرْفَةُ أُخْتِي
غُرْفَةُ أَخِي أَمَامَ غُرْفَتِي وَغُرْفَةُ أُخْتِي أَمَامَ الْمَطْبَخِ
لِي أَخٌ وَاحِدٌ اسْمُهُ أُسَامَةُ، وَلِي أُخْتٌ وَاحِدَةٌ اسْمُهَاسُعَادٌ
أَبِي وَ أُمي فِي تلك الغرفةُ الكبِيرةُ
أَنَا أُحِّبُ أَبِي وَ أُمي
أَنَا أُحِّبُ أَخِي  وَ أُخْتِي

 

Exercises:

The questions should be eay to answer once the lesson is correctly analysed and translated.