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Madina Book 1: Chapter 12

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 Number-12

Chapter 12: Introduces and makes the students practise the concept of feminine 3rd person pronoun and Past tense. 


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Part 1

Resources

Download Book 1

Download Book 1 Key

Download Book 1 Solutions

Download Book 1 Handouts

Download Book 1 Vocabulary

Download Past Tense

Download Present Tense

Type Arabic onscreen with an oline Keyboard

Vocabulary:

The Paternal Uncle

العَمُّ

The Treee

الشَّجَرَةُ

The Paternal Aunty

العَمَّةُ

Syria

سُورِيَا

The Maternal Uncle

الخَالٌ

Middle School

المَدْرَسَةُ المُتُوَسِّطَةُ

The Maternal Aunty

الخَالَةُ

The Inspector

المُفَتَّشُ

Malaysia

مَالِيزِيَا

Young Lady

الْفَتَاةُ

Famous

شَهِيرٌ

The Office

الدَفتَرُ

Madam!

سَيِّدِتِي يَا

Sir!

سَيِّدِي يَا

Fathers

آبَاءُ

Father

ابٌ

Mothers

أُمَّهَاتٌ

Mother

أُمٌ

Scholars

عُلَمَاءُ

Scholar

عَالِمٌ

Weak (Plural)

ضِعَافٌ

Weak

ضَعِيفٌ

Strong (Plural

أَقوِيَاءُ

Strong

قَوِيٌّ

 

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

المُملَكَةُ العَرَبِيَةٌ السَّعٌودِيَةٌ

 

Simple Detached Pronouns (Revision):

Now look at the pronouns below and read on your fingers 7 times. Ignore the attached pronouns for the time being. We have drawn a picture for you to understand this memorisation technique even further.

Arabic Practice 1

Detached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

He

Huwa

هُو

Them (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

She

Hiya

هِيَ

Them (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

You (Male)

Anta

أنتَ

You (2, Male)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+ Male)

Antum

أنتُم

Second

Person

Feminine

You (Female)

Anti

أنتِ

You (2, Female)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+, Female)

Antunna

أنتُنَّ

First

Person

I

Anna

أنَا

We

Nahnu

نَحنُ

Simple Attached Pronouns:

Use the pores of your fingers to learn this table just like you have memorised the previous tables.

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His

Hu

هُ

Theirs (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her

Ha

هَا

Theirs (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male)

Kaa

كَ

Your (2, Male)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+ Male)

Kum

كُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female)

Ki

كِ

Your (2, Female)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+, Female)

Kunna

كُنَّ

First

Person

Mine

Ie

يْ

Ours

Naa

نَا

 The last vowel of the pronoun is stripped of its Tanween, replaced with a single vowel and the pronoun is attached directly to it, for example:

 Your pen (1,M)    قَلَمٌ  +  كَ   =  قَلَمُكَ

Their book (3+,F)    كِتَابٌ  +  هُنَّ   =  كِتَابُهُنَّ

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His Book

Kitabuhu

كِتَابُهُ

Theirs (2 He) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ He) Book

KitabuHum

كِتَابُهُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her Book

KitabuHa

كِتَابُهَا

Theirs (2 She) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ She) Book

KitabuHunna

كِتَابُهُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male) Book

KitabuKaa

كِتَابُكَ

Your (2, Male) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+ Male) Book

KitabuKum

كِتَابُكُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female) Book

KitabuKi

كِتَابُكِ

Your (2, Female) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+, Female) Book

KitabuKunna

كِتَابُكُنَّ

First

Person

My Book

Kitabuie

كِتَابِيْ

Our Book

KitabuNaa

كِتَابُنَا

In case of "My book" the vowel on the last letter is Kasrah instead of Damma and this will always happen in the case of "My ..."

Exercise of Past Tense:

Download the Past Tense book and practise the past Tenses.

Download Past Tense


Part 2:

Lesson :


1 Spot the use of feminine gender (pronoun).


1 Analyse and identify Grammaatical concepts


1 Translate

 

سُعَادُ: الْسَّلاَمُ عَلَيكِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

الْبِنْتُ: وَعَلَيْكِ السَّلاَمُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

سُعَادُ: كَيْفَ حَالُكِ يَا بِنْتُ؟

الْبِنْتُ: أَنَا بِخَيْرٍ وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ


سُعَادُ: وَمِنْ أَيْنَ أَنْتِ؟

الْبِنْتُ: أَنَا مِنَ الرِّيَاضِ


سُعَادُ: مَا اسْمُكِ؟

الْبِنْتُ: اِسْمِي آمِنَةُ

سُعَادُ: أَيْنَ أَبُوكِ؟

الْبِنْت: أَبِي هُنَا فِي الْمَدِيْنَةِ الْمُنَوَّرَةِ

سُعَادُ: مَاذَا يَفْعَلُ؟

This is present tense which is not yet covered and it means "He does"

 هُوَ مُوَجِّهٌ فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الثَّانَوِيَّةِ / الْبِنْتُ: هُوَ مُفَتَّشٌ فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الثَّانَوِيَّةِ


The prints differ and either of the bove sentensces could be present in your book!


سُعَادُ: وَأَيْنَ أُمُّكِ؟

الْبِنْتُ: هِيَ أَيْضًا هُنَا هِيَ طَبِيبَةٌ

سُعَادُ: وَمَنْ هَـٰذِهِ الْفَتَاةُ الَّتِي مَعَكِ؟ أَهِيَ أُخْتُكِ؟


البِنْتُ: لا، هِيَ بِنْتُ عَمِّيِ

سُعَادُ: مَا اسْمُهَا؟

البِنْتُ: اسْمُهَا فَاطِمَةُ

سُعَادُ: أَهِيَ زَمِيلَتُكِ؟

الْبِنْتُ: لا، أَنَا فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الْمُتَوَسِّطَةِ وَهِيَ فِي الْمَدْرَسَةِ الثَّانَوِيَّةِ

سُعَادُ: أَلَكِ أُخْتٌ؟

 الْبِنْتُ: لا، مَا لِي أُخْتٌ

سُعَادُ:أَلَكِ أَخٌ؟

 الْبِنْتُ: نَعَمْ، لِي أَخٌ كَبِيرٌ وَهُوَ طَالِبٌ بِالْجَامِعَةِ

  سُعَادُ: وَمَنْ هَذَا الطِّفْلُ الَّذِي مَعَكِ؟

 الْبِنْتُ: هُوَ ابْنُ أَخِي

 سُعَادُ: مَا اسْمُهُ؟

 الْبِنْتُ: اسْمُهُ سَعْيدٌ

 سُعَادُ: أَأُمُّكِ فِي الْبَيْتِ الآنَ؟

 الْبِنْتُ: لا، ذَهَبَتْ إِلَى الْمُسْتَشْفَى

 


Part 3

Verbal Sentences (أَلجُملَةُ الفعلِيَةُ):

The sequencing of a verbal sentence is:

 

1 Verb (فعل): Past Tense in Arabic is Mabni

 

2 Subject (فاعل): Subject is Marfoo

 

3 Object (مفعول به): Object is Mansoob

 

In order to memorise this sequence, memorise part of this verse of the Qur'aan:

قَتَلَ دَاوُۥدُ جَالُوتَ

1 Verb (قَتَلَ): Killed

 

2 Subject (دَاوُۥدُ): i.e. David is the Subject which is Marfoo

 

3 Object (جَالُوتَ): i.e. Goliath is the Object which is Mansoob

 

As stated previously that an object is not a necessity and sometimes the verb doesn't require it and based on this verbs are of two kinds:

1  Intransitive Verb (الفعل اللاَّزِم):

 

2  Transitive Verb (الفعل الْمُتَعَدِّيْ):

In English you distinguish between the two by asking a "What" after the verb i.e.:

 

a  جَلَسَ (He sat): Asking "What" doesn't make any sense because the sentence is complete, therefore no object is required.

 

b  كَتَبَ (He wrote): Asking "What" makes sense because the sentence is incomplete, therefore an object is required and sentence becomes   كَتَبَ كِتَاباً  i.e. he wrote a book

 

Remember that in the 3rd person singular masculine and feminine forms the Subject (الفاعل )is hidden (مستطر) if not expressly mentioned or it can appear after the verb e.g notice the four examples below:

1 جَلَسَ


2 جَلَسَ محمدٌ


3 جَلَسَتْ


4 جَلَسَتْ فَاطِمَةُ


تْ is not the Subject its just a sign of femininity.

Combining the 3rd person Feminine Verb with the next word:

Consider the sentence "The (female) student sat i.e. جَلَسَتْ الطّالِبَةُ in order to facilitate speaking a Kasrah is added to the verb thus making it:

جَلَسَتِ الطّالِبَةُ

 This is done in general whenever a Sukoon comes on the last vowel and it is required to combine the first word with the second.

Exercises :

Complete all exercises in the Lesson, the last exercise requires you to revise the topic of Relative Pronoun (Lesson 9: Part 3)