Search us

Bookmark us

FacebookMySpaceTwitterDiggDeliciousStumbleuponGoogle BookmarksRedditNewsvineTechnoratiLinkedinMixxRSS Feed

Google Translate

Madina Book 1: Chapter 13

Print

 13

Chapter 13: Introduces the concept of sound and broken Plurals in Arabic. 


Print Friendly and PDF

Part 1

Resources

Download Book 1

Download Book 1 Key

Download Book 1 Solutions

Download Book 1 Handouts

Download Book 1 Vocabulary

Download Past Tense

Download Present Tense

Type Arabic onscreen with an oline Keyboard

Vocabulary:

The Plural

الْجَمْعُ

The Singular

الْمُفْرَدُ

Broken Plural

جَمْعُ تَكْسِيرٍ

Sound Plural

جَمْعٌ سَالِمٌ

Books

كُتُبٌ

These

هَؤُلاءِ

Teachers (F)

مُدَرِّسَاتٌ

Teachers (M)

مُدَرِّسُونَ

Students (F)

طَالِبَاتٌ

Gardens

حَدَائِقُ

Farmers

فَلاحُونَ

Engineers (M)

مُهَنْدِسُونَ

Wives

زَوْجَاتٌ

Books

كُتُبٌ

Hotel

فُنْدُقٌ

Grand Daughter

حَفِيدَةٌ

Teachers (F)

مُعَلِّمُونَ

Fasting Person (M)

صَائِمٌ

Supervisor

مُوَّجِهٌ

Inspector

مُفَتِّشٌ

Mountain/Mountains

جَبَلٌ \ جِبَالٌ

Star/Stars

نَجْمٌ \ نُجُومٌ

Pen/Pens

قَلَمٌ \ أَقْلامٌ

Pilgrims/Pilgrims

حَاجٌّ \ حُجَّاجٌ

Brother/Brothers

 أَخٌ \ إِخْوَةٌ

Doctor/Doctors

طَبِيبٌ \ أَطِبَّاءُ

Young Men/Young Men

 فَتًى \ فِتْيَةٌ

Short

قَصِيرٌ \ قِصَارٌ

Name/Names

اسْمٌ \ أَسْمَاءٌ

New

جَدِيدٌ \ جُدُدٌ

Student/Students

 طَالِبٌ \ طُلابٌ

Tall

طَوِيلٌ \ طِوَالٌ

Guest/Guests

 ضَيْفٌ \ ضُيُوفٌ

Son/Sons

اِبْنٌ \ أَبْنَاءٌ

Man/Men

 رَجُلٌ \ رِجَالٌ

Business Man/Business Men

تَاجِرٌ \ تُجَّارٌ

Boy/Boys

 وَلَدٌ \ أَوْلادٌ

Scholar/Scholars

شَيْخٌ \ شُيُوخٌ

Elder/Elders

 كَبِيرٌ \ كِبَارٌ

Paternal Uncle/Paternal Uncles

عَمٌّ \ أَعْمَامٌ

Rich Man/Rich Men

 غَنِيٌّ \ أَغْنِيَاءُ

Poor Man/Poor Men

فَقِيرٌ \ فُقَرَاءُ

Friend/Friends

 صَدِيقٌ \ أَصْدِقَاءُ

Farm/Farms

حَقْلٌ \ حُقُولٌ

Woman/Women

 اِمْرَأَةٌ \ نِسَاءٌ

Husband/

Husbands

زَوْجٌ \ أَزْوَاجٌ

Brother/Brothers

 أُخْتٌ \ أَخَوَاتٌ

Daughter/

Daughters

بِنْتٌ \ بَنَاتٌ

Young Lady/Young Ladies

 فَتَاةٌ \ فَتَيَاتٌ

Hard Working Women

مُجْتَهِدَاتٌ

Simple Detached Pronouns (Revision):

Now look at the pronouns below and read on your fingers 7 times. Ignore the attached pronouns for the time being. We have drawn a picture for you to understand this memorisation technique even further.

Arabic Practice 1

Detached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

He

Huwa

هُو

Them (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

She

Hiya

هِيَ

Them (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

They (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

You (Male)

Anta

أنتَ

You (2, Male)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+ Male)

Antum

أنتُم

Second

Person

Feminine

You (Female)

Anti

أنتِ

You (2, Female)

Antuma

أنتُمَا

You (3+, Female)

Antunna

أنتُنَّ

First

Person

I

Anna

أنَا

We

Nahnu

نَحنُ

Simple Attached Pronouns:

Use the pores of your fingers to learn this table just like you have memorised the previous tables.

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His

Hu

هُ

Theirs (2 He)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ He)

Hum

هُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her

Ha

هَا

Theirs (2 She)

Huma

هُمَا

Theirs (3+ She)

Hunna

هُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male)

Kaa

كَ

Your (2, Male)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+ Male)

Kum

كُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female)

Ki

كِ

Your (2, Female)

Kuma

كُمَا

Your (3+, Female)

Kunna

كُنَّ

First

Person

Mine

Ie

يْ

Ours

Naa

نَا

 The last vowel of the pronoun is stripped of its Tanween, replaced with a single vowel and the pronoun is attached directly to it, for example:

 Your pen (1,M)    قَلَمٌ  +  كَ   =  قَلَمُكَ

Their book (3+,F)    كِتَابٌ  +  هُنَّ   =  كِتَابُهُنَّ

Attached Pronouns

Third

Person

Masculine

His Book

Kitabuhu

كِتَابُهُ

Theirs (2 He) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ He) Book

KitabuHum

كِتَابُهُم

Third

Person

Feminine

Her Book

KitabuHa

كِتَابُهَا

Theirs (2 She) Book

KitabuHuma

كِتَابُهُمَا

Theirs (3+ She) Book

KitabuHunna

كِتَابُهُنَّ

Second

Person

Masculine

Your (Male) Book

KitabuKaa

كِتَابُكَ

Your (2, Male) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+ Male) Book

KitabuKum

كِتَابُكُم

Second

Person

Feminine

Your (Female) Book

KitabuKi

كِتَابُكِ

Your (2, Female) Book

KitabuKuma

كِتَابُكُمَا

Your (3+, Female) Book

KitabuKunna

كِتَابُكُنَّ

First

Person

My Book

Kitabuie

كِتَابِيْ

Our Book

KitabuNaa

كِتَابُنَا

In case of "My book" the vowel on the last letter is Kasrah instead of Damma and this will always happen in the case of "My ..."

Exercise of Past Tense:

Download the Past Tense book and practise the past Tenses.

Download Past Tense


Part 2:

Lesson :

Plurals in Arabic are of two kinds:

1 Sound Plural أَلجَمعُ السَّالِم :

 

a Masculine Sound Plural جَمعُ مُذَكَّر سَالِم: This is formed by inserting ؤُنَ to the last letter e.g مُسلِمٌ from to

مُسلِمُونَ

Majroor

Mansoob

Marfoo

مُسلِمَينَ

مُسلِمَينَ

مُسلِمُونَ

 

b Feminine Sound Plural جَمعُ مُؤَنَثٍ سَالِم : This is formed by dropping the ة and inserting أَتٌ to the last letter e.g مُسلِمَةٌ from to مُسلِمَاتٌ

Majroor

Mansoob

Marfoo

مُسلِمَاتٍ

مُسلِمَاتٍ

مُسلِمَاتٌ

 

2 Broken Plural أَلجَمعُ المُكَسَّر : It is the Plural in which the sequence of letters (of the singular) is broken up and some letters are added or deleted to make the plural. There are no specific but certain patterns أُوزَان should be memorised for masculine nonuns while the feminine nouns don't have set patterns

Download Plural Patterns

 


 

Part 3:

Lesson :


1 Analyse and identify Grammaatical concepts and ensure that the word is correctly pronounced keeping the vowel on the last letter in mind.


2 Translate

مَن  هَؤُلاءِ الفِتْيَةُ الطِوَالُ يَا علي؟
هم طلاَّب جددٌ
مِن أَينَ  هم؟
هم مِن أَمرِيكا
أَهم زُمَلاؤُكَ؟

نَعم. هم زُمَلائِ

أَهم مُجتَهِدُونَ؟

نَعم.هم مُجتَهِدُونَ

مَا أَسمَاؤُهُم؟

أَسمَاؤُهُم: يَاسِرٌ وَََ زَكَرِيَّا وَ مُوسَي وَ عُبدُاللهِ

وَمَن  هَؤُلاءِ الرِّجَالُ القِصَارُ؟

هم حُجَّاجٌ

مِن أَينَ  هم؟

بَعضُهم مِنَ الصَّينَ وَبَعضُهم مِنَ اليَابَانِ

أَينَ المُصطَفَي وَ آَصدِقَاؤُهٌ؟

ذَهَبُوا إِلَي الْمَطْعَمِ

Exercise 1 :

Complete the first exercise in the Lessonwhere the singular Mubtada & Khabar needs to change from singular to Plural.


Part 4:

Exercise 2 :

Complete the exercise keeping the following in mind:

 

1 Remember that Mubtada/Khabar must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

2 Remember that Naat/Man'ootmust match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

3 Remember that Verb/Subject must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

Exercise 3 :

Complete the exercise by attaching a suitable pronoun to the Noun and remember that Noun/Pronoun combination is Mudaf/Mudaf-Ileh.

Exercise 4 :

Complete the exercise and remember that Verb/Subject must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

Exercise 5 :

Read, write and ponder over the examples given.


Part 5:

Part B of the lesson introduces feminine plurals.

مَن هَؤُلاءِ الفَتَياتُ يَا مَريَمُ؟
هُنَّ زَمِيلَاتِي
أَأَخَوَاتٌ هُنَّ ؟
نَعَم, هُنَّ أَخَوَاتٌ
مَن أَبُوهُنَّ؟
 أَبُوهُنَّ الشَْيخُ بِلَالٌ . أٌمُّهُنَّ أٌستَاذَتِي

أَينَ بَيتُهُنَّ ؟

 بَيتُهُنَّ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ المَدرَسَةِ

Exercise 1 :

Complete the first exercise in the Lessonwhere the singular Mubtada & Khabar needs to change from singular to Plural.

Exercise 2 :

Complete the exercise keeping the following in mind:

 

1 Remember that Mubtada/Khabar must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

2 Remember that Naat/Man'ootmust match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

3 Remember that Verb/Subject must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

 

4 Remember that gender must match i.e. a masculine Mubtada must have a masculine Khabar.

 

Exercise 3 :

Complete the exercise and remember that Verb/Subject must match each other i.e. if one is plural then the other will also be plural.

Exercise 4 :

Insert a suitable Mubtada (masculine or feminine) depending on the Khabar.

Exercise 5 :

Insert a suitable Mubtada (suitable personal pronoun i.e. masculine or feminine) depending on the Khabar.

Exercise 6 :

Write down suitable Plurals.


Part 6:

Part C of the lesson introduces mixed plurals.

1 Identify the Plural and the write down its singular and match it to it's patterns أُوزَان where it is broken masculine plural.

2 Identify the Mubtada, Badal (where applicable) and Khabar.

هؤُلا إَخوَتِي و أُولئكَ أَصْدِقَائِي
مَن أُولئكَ الرِّجَالُ الطِّوالُ؟
هٌم أَطِبّاءُ مِن أَمرِيكَا؟
مَن أُولئكَ النِّسَاءُ؟
هُنَّ أُمَّهاتُ الطَّالِبَاتُ
آبَاءُ الطُّلَّابِ عَندَ المُدِيرِ
أَأُولئكَ النِّسَاءُ خَالَتٌكِ يَا مَريَمُ؟
لا, هُنَّ عَمَّاتِي

هؤُلا أَطِبّاءُ وَ أُولئكَ مَُندِسُونَ

هؤُلا الرِّجَالُ فُقَرَاءُ وَ أُولئكَ أَغنِيَاءُ

أُولئكَ الطُّلَّابُ ضِعَافٌ

مَن أُولئكَ الرِّجَالُ ؟  هٌم وُزَرَاءُ

Exercise 1 :

Convert the Mubtada, Badal and Khabar into plurals and also write down it's patterns أُوزَان where it is broken masculine plural.

Exercise 2 :

Insert a suitable Mubatada into the blanks.

Exercise 3 :

Write down the plurals and know that these are feminine broken plurals which don't follow any patterns أُوزَان

Exercise 4 :

Read & Write and know that know that these are masculine broken plurals whichfollow any patterns أُوزَان

Scales

 

أَوزَانُ