Madina Book 1: Chapter 7

Chapter 7

 Chapter 7 recaps the use of all (demonstrative) pronouns for near and far.


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Vocabulary

Pronouns of Demonstration

أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ

That (feminine)

تِلْكَ

A lady

امْرَأةٌ

A fish

سَمَكٌ

An egg

بَيْضَةٌ

A female child

طِفْلَةٌ

Small

صَغِيرَةٌ

Elder

كَبِيرَةٌ

Heaven

جَنَّةٌ

(Female) Nurse

اَلْمُمَرِّضَةٌ

News

خَبَرٌ

A guest

ضَيْفٌ

The Person who calls the Adhan

اَلْمُؤَذِّنُ

A dress

ثَوْبٌ

The Duck

البَطَّةُ

The She-Camel

النَّاقَةُ

The Garden

الحَدِيْقَةُ

The Egg

البَيضَةُ

 

Pronouns of Demonstration

In the previous lessons you have learnt four (4) pronouns of demonstration OR demonstrative pronouns, summarised as follows.

لَلْبَعِيْدِ أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ

 

Pronouns of Demonstration (Far)

لَلْقَرِيبَ أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ

 

Pronouns of Demonstration (Close)

Feminine

Masculine

Feminine

Masculine

تِلْكَ

ذَلِكَ

هَـٰذِهِ

هَـٰذَا

That

This

 Remember the following rules about them:

 

1 They are all definite

 

2 They are all singular

 

3 The Khabar which comes after them must match their gender i.e. if the demonstrative pronoun is masculine then the Khabar must be masculine and vice versa.

Exercise

Using the vocabulary and rules for a simple nominal sentences which you have learnt please make five (5) sentences each using the demonstrative pronouns described in the table.


Part 2

And in Arabic i.e وَ:

 

The function of "And" or the combining of two statements is done by using the letterوَ which is known in Arabic as:

حَرفُ العَطَف

 

Lesson



مَنْ هَـٰذِهِ؟

هَـٰذِهِ آمِنَةُ


وَمَنْ تِلْكَ؟

تِلْكَ فَاطِمَةُ


هَـٰذِهِ طَبِيبَةٌ وَ تِلْكَ مُمَرِّضَةٌ


هَـٰذِهِ مِنَ الهِنْدِ وَ تِلْكَ مِنَ الْيَابَانِ

 

هَـٰذِهِ طَوِيلَةٌ وَ تِلْكَ قَصِيرَةٌ


مَنْ هَـٰذَا ؟

هَـٰذَا حَامِدٌ


وَ مَنْ ذَلِكَ ؟

ذَلِكَ عَلِيٌّ


أَتِلْكَ دَجَاجَةٌ؟

لاَ، تِلْكَ بَطَةٌ


 مَا تِلْكَ؟

تِلْكَ بَيْضَةٌ


هَـٰذِهِ سَيَّارَةُ المُدَرِّسِ وَ ذَلِكَ سَيَّارَةُ المُدِيرِ


أَ سَاعَةُ عَبَّاسٍ هَـٰذِهِ؟

لَا , هَـٰذِهِ سَيَّارَةُ حَامِدٍ , ذَلِكَ سَيَّارَةُ عَبَّاسٍ


ذَلِكَ دِيكٌ وَ تِلْكَ دَجَاجَةٌ

 

Exercises

All concepts in this lesson have been explained so the student should be able to proceed and complete all exercises.