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Animal testing for medical research in Islam

 

 animal-testing

[6:38] There is no creature moving on the earth, nor a bird flying on its two wings, but they are all communities like you. We have not missed anything in the Book. Then, to their Lord all of them shall be gathered.


Is it permissible to perform tests on mice/animals for medical research? Sometimes the mice will have to be tested in painful ways, and it is not unusual to have to kill mice for research purposes?

Shaykh (Mufti) Faraz al-Mahmudi (HA)

Bismillahi Ta'ala,

Walaikum Assalam Warahmatullah,

Generally, it is severely disliked to kill insects and animals which are not harmful or do not attack oneself.

 

 

(وَبَعُوضٍ وَنَمْلٍ) لَكِنْ لَا يَحِلُّ قَتْلُ مَا لَا يُؤْذِي، وَلِذَا قَالُوا لَمْ يَحِلَّ قَتْلُ الْكَلْبِ الْأَهْلِيِّ إذَا لَمْ يُؤْذِ وَالْأَمْرُ بِقَتْلِ الْكِلَابِ مَنْسُوخٌ كَمَا فِي الْفَتْحِ: أَيْ إذَا لَمْ تَضُرَّ (الدر المختار ج 2 ص 570 أيج أيم سعيد)

 

Rodents and such animals which cause common harm to oneself or belongings may be exterminated.

قَتْلُ الزُّنْبُورِ وَالْحَشَرَاتِ هل يُبَاحُ في الشَّرْعِ ابْتِدَاءً من غَيْرِ إيذَاءٍ وَهَلْ يُثَابُ على قَتْلِهِمْ قال لَا يُثَابُ على ذلك وَإِنْ لم يُوجَدْ منه الْإِيذَاءُ فَالْأَوْلَى أَنْ لَا يَتَعَرَّضَ بِقَتْلِ شَيْءٍ منه كَذَا في جَوَاهِرِ الْفَتَاوَى (الهندية ج 5 ص 361 الرشيدية)

(قَوْلُهُ لَكِنْ لَا يَحِلُّ إلَخْ) اسْتِدْرَاكٌ عَلَى الْإِطْلَاقِ فِي النَّمْلِ، فَإِنَّ ظَاهِرَهُ جَوَازُ إطْلَاقِ قَتْلِهِ بِجَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِهِ مَعَ أَنَّ فِيهِ مَا لَا يُؤْذِي، وَهَذَا الْحُكْمُ عَامٌّ فِي كُلِّ مَا لَا يُؤْذِي كَمَا صَرَّحُوا بِهِ فِي غَيْرِ مَوْضِعٍ ط (قَوْلُهُ أَيْ إذَا لَمْ تَضُرَّ) تَقْيِيدٌ لِلنَّسْخِ ذَكَرَهُ فِي النَّهْرِ أَخْذًا مِمَّا فِي الْمُلْتَقَطِ: إذَا كَثُرَتْ الْكِلَابُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ وَأَضَرَّتْ بِأَهْلِهَا أُمِرَ أَرْبَابُهَا بِقَتْلِهَا، فَإِنْ أَبَوْا رُفِعَ الْأَمْرُ إلَى الْقَاضِي حَتَّى يَأْمُرَ بِذَلِكَ. اهـ. (رد المحتار ج 2 ص 570 أيج أيم سعيد)

الْهِرَّةُ إذَا كانت مُؤْذِيَةً لَا تُضْرَبُ وَلَا تُعْرَكُ أُذُنُهَا بَلْ تُذْبَحُ بِسِكِّينٍ حَادٍّ كَذَا في الْوَجِيزِ لِلْكَرْدَرِيِّ (الهندية ج 5 ص 361 الرشيدية)

وَطَرْحُ الْقَمْلِ حَيًّا مُبَاحٌ لَكِنْ يُكْرَهُ من طَرِيقِ الْأَدَبِ كَذَا في الظَّهِيرِيَّةِ (الهندية ج 5 ص 361 الرشيدية)

( وَالْهِرَّةُ إذَا كَانَتْ مُؤْذِيَةً تُذْبَحُ بِسِكِّينٍ ) حَادٍّ قَالَ فِي التتارخانية وَيُكْرَهُ أَنْ يَقْتُلَ مَا لَا يُؤْذِيهِ (بريقة محمدية)

Allah Ta`ālā has created the Earth and all of it’s contents for the benefit of man.  Allah Ta`ālā states:

“It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth.” (Qur’ān 2:29)

In other verses, Allah enumerates how animals have been created to benefit man:

“And Allah has made for you from your homes a place of rest and made for you from the hides of the animals tents which you find light on your day of travel and your day of encampment; and from their wool, fur and hair is furnishing and enjoyment for a time.” (Qur`ān 16:80)

“And of the grazing livestock are carriers [of burdens] and those [too] small. Eat of what Allah has provided for you and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.” (Qur`ān 6:142)

Although exterminating insects and harmless animals generally is not permissible, considering everything has been created for the benefit of man and the necessity of research in today’s ever-developing world, using animals for testing and research purposes is allowed based on necessity.

However, such tests and experiments should be limited to the extent of necessity and should be carried out in a manner which involves least pain.

جديد فقهي مسائل ج 1 ص 226 زمزم

 

To give any undue or unnecessary pain to animals is impermissible and sinful.

(وَ) كُرِهَ كُلُّ تَعْذِيبٍ بِلَا فَائِدَةٍ (الدر المختار من مسخة حاشية ابن عابدين ج 6 ص296)

The Prophet ṣalallahu `alayhi wasallam said: “Verily, Allah has prescribed al-Ihsan (i.e. performing an action in a perfect manner) towards everything. Thus, if you kill (anyone for some genuine reason), kill (him/her it) humanely; when you slaughter (an animal), slaughter (it) well. And every one of you should sharpen his blade to give rest to the animal he slaughters.” [Reported by Imam Muslim]

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com

Agreed and concurred by,
Mufti Faisal ibn Abdul Hameed al-Mahmudi
www.fatwa.ca