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Islamic date in Europe

Friday 21st of January 2022

18 Jumada al-Akhirah 1443

 arab

European and Arab versions of the Crusades have little in common. For Arabs, the twelfth and thirteenth centuries were years of strenuous efforts to repel a brutal and destructive invasion by barbarian hordes.


The Crusades Through Arab Eyes

Amin Maalouf

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